Instruments of a Brass Band

A brass band in the British tradition with a full complement of 25 or 26 players (plus percussion) comprises:

About Brass Bands

With the exception of the the trombones, all of the brass are conical-bore instruments, which gives the British-style brass band its distinctive bright, mellow sound, as opposed to a dark symphonic sound. Brass bands have a long tradition of competition between bands, often based on local industry and communities. In the 1930s brass bands thrived with around 20,000 brass bands in the U.K. British-style brass bands are now widespread throughout Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, and continental Europe, and are also found in North America. Annual competitions are held in these countries to select champion bands at various levels of musical competence.

The Salvation Army, part of the Christian church, has deployed brass bands since 1878 and they continue to be an integral part of that organization. Salvation Army bands vary considerably in size and complement as they are based on the local personnel available, some being as small as 6-8 members. The cornet section of a Salvation Army band does not include a 'Repiano' and instead of 2nd & 3rd cornets, there are 1st & 2nd cornets. A Salvation Army band may have 3-6 tenor horns, 2-4 baritones and 2-6 tenor trombones. Salvation Army bands have a local tradition of training children in brass playing from an early age. In larger Salvation Army churches there will often be a Junior Band for children, as well as a Senior Band for adults.

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